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The earliest stages of gum disease are the easiest to resolve. This is just one area in which regular dental visits are of immense value. Gum disease left untreated will progress to periodontitis, and ultimately can result in tooth loss and damage to bone structure. Gum disease is known to cause higher risk for other health problems, including heart disease and stroke. Avoiding or postponing treatment is definitely not a good idea, even for patients somewhat anxious about dental procedures. Taking steps for prevention now will eliminate the need for costlier and uncomfortable treatments in the future.
The best prevention of gum disease is regular brushing and flossing. This removes food particles, plaque, and bacteria from teeth and along the gum line that cause periodontal disease. Routine dental exams and cleanings allow the hygienist to remove hardened plaque buildup, called tartar, along the gum line, as well. Attending regularly scheduled checkups and exams will provide a vital deterrent to gum disease.
Gum Disease TreatmentVideo Transcript
The 3 stages of gum disease are gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. Gingivitis is caused by toxins irritating the gum line as a result of plaque buildup. Signs and symptoms of gingivitis includes swelling, sensitivity, and bleeding of the gums during brushing and flossing. Gingivitis can be easily reversed through professional care and good home oral hygiene. Periodontitis is categorized by irreversible bone loss that results from untreated gingivitis. The gums may begin to form a pocket below the gum line which traps food and plaque. Dental treatment and home care can help prevent from further damage, but at this stage, the results are not reversible. Advanced periodontitis is when the fibers and bones supporting the teeth destroyed. This may cause teeth to shift or loosen. Teeth may have to be removed depending on how advanced the disease has become and if treatments are not effective. You can begin by preventing gum disease with good oral health. Pick up a brochure or ask your dentist today.
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